A History of Ants

The Fascinating History and Behavior of Ants Ants are older than believed, having originated about 168 million years ago. The resilient insects found in terrestrial ecosystems began to diversify about 100 million years ago. They evidently arose during the Cretaceous period. The earliest known fossils fall into two groups. There is the primitive Mesozoic which is under Sphecomyrminae subfamily. The next group is extant of the subfamily Formicine and the Poneromorph group of subfamilies. They comprise of the large and diverse Ponerinae and other prominent subfamilies. The workers known as sphecomyrmine genus were a pattern of the ant and wasp traits. There were specimens found in the deposits of Late Cretaceous amber in North America, Siberia, and Asia. Hence, they are found in the northern supercontinent of Laurasia. Other ants’ deposits like Paleogene and sphecomyrmines are rare. Among the many thousands of Cretaceous insect’s specimens examined from New Jersey, Burma and Canada only seven of them have enough characteristics to qualify being called sphecomyrmine workers. From the biology of these ancient ants, it is right to say that they lived in mesic forests with rich insect faunas and rich florals although the exact timing causes of their extension in the last 10 to 20 million years are not well known. In the history of sphecomyrmines, there was the occurrence of a wider radiation beyond the stem genus Sphecomyrma. Among the oldest fossils include Gerontoformia from the early Cenomanian to the uppermost Albian amber of France which was dated to 100 million years ago. Due to the imperfect preservation, there is no placed reference to fossils or subfamilies, but it...

Termites: Just Give Me the Facts!

Facts about Termites; How to Identify, Prevent and Control Them Termites are also known as the silent destroyers since it is their habit to hide secretly in your or home without showing any signs of damage. All termites eat cellulose-based plants and unfortunately every home regardless of the nature of construction can provide termites with this type of food. Scientific name Termites come in three different types, the subterranean, dampwood, and drywood. All of them belong to the phylum Arthropoda, class Insecta and order Isoptera. They have over two thousand species which have distinct scientific names. The main species that attack homes are Eastern subterranean, southern drywood termites and Pacific dampwood termites. The scientific names are: Eastern subterranean – Reticulitermes flavipes Southern drywood – incisitermes snyderi Pacific dampwood – Zootermopsis angusticollis Their appearance The termites’ size ranges from1/4 to 1/2 an inch long. The kings and queens are much bigger, and they can reach an inch long. The workers’ bodies are soft and are pale colored. The flying termites which are also known as the reproductives have two pairs of large wings. Diet Termites are said to be detritus feeders. They love feeding on dead plants and trees. They get their nutrients from cellulose which is an organic fiber from wood and plant matter. Wood makes up the most diets for pest although termites can feed on other materials like plastic, paper, and drywall. Most of the termite species prefer dead wood, but others consume living plants. Every type of termite has different diet preference. The subterranean termites love softwoods, but they can also invade other types of wood....