Our homes play habitat to plenty of insects and pests that we have been accustomed to co-existing with. With some being harmless and others exhibiting negligible threat to the human health and survival, the fact remains that we share our homes with hundreds of creatures from the arthropod line of existence. Flies, ants and spiders are arguably found in every home but there are other pests that individuals hardly know about but still provide a habitat for. For nearly 26,000 years, the arthropods have continuously evolved and cemented their place in our homes as uninvited guests.
In a typical home that is 7 years or older, it is possible to get a diversity of pests. A study done in 2012 for 6 months in over 50 homes accurately determined that an average home houses between 32 and in excess of 200 different species of pests. A randomly selected house can have as much as 10,000 specimens and of the lot collected, close to 73% will consist of 4 distinct groups namely beetles, ants, flies and spiders. Cockroaches, bedbugs, mosquitoes, termites and even moths have also been identified to inhabit homes depending on the landscape and physical environment around the houses.
Research has also identified that objects and goods stored in a house play a role in the pests that can invade a home. Storage areas in a home stand as common regions where pests can be found. Pests like the grain weevil, grain moths, grain beetles and brown roaches are very popular in storage areas within a home. In excess of 40 families of the pests can be found in a single home. Book lice are common pests in every home and are characterized as existing where old book shelves are present.
The proximity to varying landscapes provides an indicator as to which pests will be found in a home since most of the arthropods that inhabit the houses are characterized as having simply trespassed since they do not thrive in indoor surroundings. Pests like dung beetles simply stray into the houses since they predominantly exist in the wild. Some pests have however evolved over time and made the houses their preferred residence and they include cockroaches, house flies and fruit flies and have thus limited their population in the outside environment.
The curious aspect about the pests in our houses is the fact that they still have a habitat that is subject to the natural law of existence. Pests like the larvae of carpet beetle feed on dead insects and any food that is spilled. On the other hand, dust mites are responsible for feeding on dead skin cells. In conclusion, pests in and around the house is bound to be a scene that individuals will have to get used to. Despite the continued efforts in fumigation and bug elimination, our homes will never be bug free.